GHB State Laws

Alabama: Nothing Found

Alaska

Sec. 11.71.170. Schedule IVA. 1999

...

(b) Schedule IVA includes, unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substances, including their
salts, isomers and salts of isomers whenever the existence of these salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is
possible within the specific chemical designation:

...

(28) gamma-Hydroxybutyrate.

Arizona: Nothing Found

Arkansas:

5-64-215. Schedule VI 1999

(a) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation, whether produced directly or indirectly from substances of vegetable
origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, which contains
any quantity of the following substances, or which contains any of their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the
existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation are included in
Schedule VI:
...

(b) Gamma-hydroxybutyrate; also known as GHB, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, sodium oxybate, sodium oxybutyrate,
gamma-hydroxybutyrate sodium, gamma-OH, 4-hydroxybutyrate, gamma-hydrate, somatomax PM, somasnit, and
gamma-hidroxibutirato; is hereby designated a Schedule VI drug. The Director of the Department of Health shall amend the
Schedule VI list of controlled substances to include gamma-hydroxybutyrate as a Schedule VI drug, and it shall remain a
Schedule VI drug.

(c) Provided, that the director shall not delete the controlled substances listed in this section from Schedule VI.

(d) Nothing in this section shall prohibit a physician from prescribing the drug gamma-hydroxybutyrate, if the physician is
authorized to prescribe gamma-hydroxybutyrate under specific Federal Drug Administration exemptions for investigational
research protocols.

History. Acts 1971, No. 590, Art. 2, 15, as added by Acts 1973, No. 186, 1; 1979, No. 898, 22; A.S.A. 1947,
82-2614.2; Acts 1999, No. 1534, 1.

California:

California Health & Safety Code Sec. 11055(e) Shedule II Depressants. 1999.

11055. (a) The controlled substances listed in this section are
included in Schedule II.
...

(e) Depressants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in
another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation
which contains any quantity of the following substances having a
depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts,
isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of those salts,
isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific
chemical designation:

...

(6) Gamma-hydroxybutyrate, including its immediate precursors,
isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and
ethers, including, but not limited to, gamma-butyrolactone.

Colorado: Site down when research conducted 4/20/2000

Connecticut:
Report on GHB August 17, 1999

Deleware:

4714. Schedule I.

(a) The controlled substances listed in this section are included in Schedule I.

...

(e) Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the following depressant
substances, including their salts, isomers and salts of isomers unless specifically excepted, whenever the
existence of these salts, isomers and salts of isomers is possible within the specific designation:

...

(2) Gamma Hydroxybutyrate (GHB).

District of Columbia: Nothing Found

Florida

893.03 Standards and schedules.

(2) SCHEDULE II.--A substance in Schedule II has a high potential for abuse and
has a currently accepted but severely restricted medical use in treatment in the
United States, and abuse of the substance may lead to severe psychological or
physical dependence. The following substances are controlled in Schedule II:

2. Any salt, compound, derivative, or preparation of a substance which is
chemically equivalent to or identical with any of the substances referred to in
subparagraph 1., except that these substances shall not include the isoquinoline
alkaloids of opium.

...

(b) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the
following substances, including their isomers, esters, ethers, salts, and salts of
isomers, esters, and ethers, whenever the existence of such isomers, esters,
ethers, and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:

...

10. Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB).

Georgia:

16-13-25.

The controlled substances listed in this Code section are included
in Schedule I:

...

(5) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains
any quantity of the following substances, their salts, isomers,
(whether optical, position, or geometrics), and salts of isomers,
unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of these
substances, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible
within the specific chemical designation:

gamma hydroxybutyric acid (gamma hydroxy butyrate);

Hawaii:

329-14 Schedule I. (a) The controlled substances listed in this section are included in schedule I.

...

(d) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that contains any quantity of the following hallucinogenic
substances, their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers, unless specifically excepted, whenever the existence of
these salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
...

(17) Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB);

Idaho:

37-2705. Schedule I. (a) The controlled substances listed in this section are included in
schedule I.

...

(e) Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of the
following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts,
isomers, and salts of isomers wherever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers
is possible within the specific chemical designation:
(1) Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB);

Illinois:

(720 ILCS 570/204)
Sec. 204. (a) The controlled substances listed in this Section are
included in Schedule I.

...

(e) Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another
schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains
any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on
the central nervous system, including its salts, isomers, and salts of
isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of
isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation:
...

(3) gamma hydroxybutyric acid.

Indiana:

Iowa:

126.23 Gamma-hydroxybutyrate.

1. Unlawful possession. Any person who possesses gamma-hydroxybutyrate (also known as gamma-hydroxybutyric
acid, orGHB), or any substance containing gamma-hydroxybutyrate,commits an aggravated misdemeanor. This
subsection shall notapply to any person who obtains or possesses gamma-hydroxybutyrate or any material containing
gamma-hydroxybutyrate pursuant to a lawful order of a physician orother authorized prescriber for the legitimate
treatment ofdisease.

2. Unlawful distribution. Any person who distributesgamma-hydroxybutyrate, or possesses gamma-hydroxybutyrate
withthe intent to distribute to any other person, commits anaggravated misdemeanor if the person intends to promote
orallow the unlawful use of the substance or if the person knowsthat the other person will use the substance for
unlawfulpurposes.

97 Acts, ch 95, 1

Kansas:

GHB is Schedule IV

Kentuky: Nothing Found (PDF only)

Maine: Nothing Found

Maryland: Not online.

Massachusetts: Nothing Found

Missouri:

Michigan:

Sec. 7212. (1) The following controlled substances are included
in schedule 1: (a) Any of the following opiates, including their
isomers, esters, the ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters,
and ethers, unless specifically excepted, when the existence of
these isomers, esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the
specific chemical designation:

...

(f) Gamma- hydroxybutyrate and any isomer, salt, or salt of
isomer of gamma- hydroxybutyrate .
Some trade and other names:
Sodium oxybate
4-hydroxybutanoic acid monosodium salt

Minnesota:

Schedule III. The following items are
listed in Schedule III:

...
(2) Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which
contains any quantity of the following substances having a
potential for abuse associated with a depressant effect on the
central nervous system:

...

(d) Gamma hydroxybutyrate, any salt, compound, derivative,
or preparation of gamma hydroxybutyrate, including any isomers,
esters, and ethers and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers of
gamma hydroxybutyrate whenever the existence of such isomers,
esters, and salts is possible within the specific chemical
designation.

Mississippi: Nothing Found

Missourri: Nothing found when last checked on April 21, 2000.

Montana: Nothing found when last checked on April 21, 2000

Nebraska:

28-405.

Schedule I

...

(f) Gamma hydroxy butyrate (GHB).

Nevada:

Nevada Administrative Code (NAC) 453.510  Schedule I. (NRS 453.146)
1.  Schedule I consists of the drugs and other substances listed in this section by whatever official, common, usual, chemical or trade name designated.
2.  Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any of the following opiates, including, without limitation, their isomers, esters, ethers, salts and
salts of isomers, esters and ethers, whenever the existence of such isomers, esters, ethers and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation:
...

Gamma hydroxybutyrate (some trade or other names: GHB);

Nevada:

Revised Statutes (NRS) 453.336
Unlawful possession not for purpose of sale; penalties.
Unless a greater penalty is provided in NRS 212.160, 453.337 or 453.3385, a person who is convicted of the possession of flunitrazepam or gamma-hydroxybutyrate, or any substance for which flunitrazepam or gamma-hydroxybutyrate is an immediate precursor, is guilty of a category B felony and shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a minimum term of not less than 1 year and a maximum term of not more than 6 years.

New Hampshire:

Evidently GHB is now a Schedule II substance in New Hampshire, but we have only been able to locate this predecessor law that is now superceded.

TITLE 30 Occupations and Professions CHAPTER 318B Controlled Drug Act

318-B:1-c Flunitrazepam, Gamma-hydroxy-butyrate; and Ketamine Hydrochloride. RSA 318-B:1-c contingently
repealed by 1998, 359:2. - I. The legislature intends that the provisions of paragraph III of this section shall remain in effect until
such time as flunitrazepam, gamma-hydroxy-butyrate, and ketamine hydrochloride are scheduled by the commissioner of the
department of human services in accordance with and pursuant to RSA 318-B.

II. The legislature finds that:

(a) Flunitrazepam, marketed under the trade name rohypnol, which has a sedative, hypnotic, and amnesiac effect, has no
acceptable medical uses in the United States and carries a high potential for abuse. Therefore, flunitrazepam meets the criteria for
placement on schedule I of controlled drugs.

(b) Gamma-hydroxy-butyrate, also known as GHB, which is a chemical additive and has a sedative, hypnotic, and amnesiac
effect, has an acceptable medical use in the United States but has a high potential for abuse. Therefore, gamma-hydroxy-butyrate
meets the criteria for placement on schedule II of controlled drugs.

(c) Ketamine hydrochloride, a veterinary anesthesia, has acceptable uses in veterinary medicine and limited uses in human
medicine but has a high potential for abuse and may lead to severe psychic or physical dependence. Therefore, ketamine
hydrochloride meets the criteria for placement on schedule III of controlled drugs.

III. Notwithstanding the provisions of RSA 318-B:1-a, relative to scheduling by rulemaking of the commissioner of the department
of health and human services, the following shall be scheduled as controlled drugs:

(a) Flunitrazepam, marketed under the trade name rohypnol, shall be placed on schedule I.

(b) Gamma-hydroxy-butyrate, known as GHB, shall be placed on schedule II.

(c) Ketamine hydrochloride shall be placed on schedule III.

Source. 1998, 359:1, eff. June 26, 1998.

New Jersey:

2C:35-10.2 Possession, etc. of gamma hydroxybutyrate; penalties
4. a. It is a crime of the third degree for any person, knowingly or purposely, to obtain, or to possess, gamma hydroxybutyrate unless the substance was obtained directly, or pursuant to a valid prescription or order form from a practitioner, while acting in the course of his professional practice, or except as otherwise authorized by P.L.1970, c.226 (C.24:21-1 et seq.).

b. Notwithstanding the provisions of N.J.S.2C:43-3 or any other law, a fine of up to $100,000.00 may be imposed upon a person who violates this section.

L.1997,c. 194, s.4.

2C:35-5.2 Manufacturing, etc. gamma hydroxybutyrate; penalties
3. a. Except as authorized by P.L.1970, c.226 (C.24:21-1 et seq.), it shall be a crime of the second degree for any person knowingly or purposely to manufacture, distribute or dispense, or to possess or have under his control with intent to manufacture, distribute or dispense gamma hydroxybutyrate.

b. Notwithstanding the provisions of N.J.S.2C:43-3 or any other law, a fine of up to $150,000.00 may be imposed upon a person who violates this section.

L.1997,c. 194, s.3.

New Mexico: Nothing Found

New York: Nothing Found when checked on April 21, 2000.

North Carolina:

90-92. Schedule IV controlled substances.
(a) This schedule includes the controlled
substances listed or to be listed by whatever official name,
common or usual name, chemical name, or trade name
designated. In determining that a substance comes within
this schedule, the Commission shall find: a low potential
for abuse relative to the substances listed in Schedule III
of this Article; currently accepted medical use in the
United States; and limited physical or pyschological
dependence relative to the substances listed in Schedule III
of this Article. The following controlled substances are
included in this schedule:
(1) Depressants. -- Unless specifically excepted or
unless listed in another schedule, any material,
compound, mixture, or preparation which contains
any quantity of the following substances,
including its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers
whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and
salts of isomers is possible within the specific
chemical designation:

...

v. Gamma Hydroxybu [That's what is says.]

North Dakota: PDF Only

Ohio:

(123rd General Assembly)
Amended House Bill Number 428

AN ACT

To amend section 3719.41 of the Revised Code to make
gamma-hydroxy-butyrate a schedule II controlled substance and
to revise the state controlled substances schedules according to
federal drug laws.

Signed on Feb-15-00

Oklahoma:

63-2-204.

The controlled substances listed in this section are included in
Schedule I.

D. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in a different
schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which
contains any quantity of the following substances having stimulant or
depressant effect on the central nervous system:

..

5. Gammahydroxybuterate. [sic]

Pennsylvania: Nothing found when checked on April 21, 2000.

Rhode Island:

21-28-2.08 Contents of schedules. – Schedule I

(a) Schedule I shall consist of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name, chemical name,
or brand name designated, listed in this section.

...

e) Depressants. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation
which contains any quantity of the following substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including its salts,
isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific
chemical designation:

...

(16) Gamma hydroxybutyrate, HOOC-CH2-CH2-CH2OH, its optical, position, or geometric isomers, salts and salts of isomers.

South Carolina: Nothing Found when checked on April 21, 2000

South Dakota:

34-20B-20. Depressants specifically included in Schedule III.

Depressants specifically included in Schedule III. Any material, compound, mixture, or preparation is included in Schedule III
which contains any quantity of the following substances having a potential for abuse associated with a depressant effect on the
central nervous system:

...

(12) Gamma hydroxy butyrate.

Tennessee:

39-17-412. Controlled substances in Schedule IV.


(a) Schedule IV consists of the drugs and other substances, by whatever official name, common or usual name,
chemical name, or brand name designated, listed in this section.

...

(f) Other substances. Unless specifically excepted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound,
mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of the following substance, including its salts:
...

(2) Gamma hydroxybutyric acid;
(3) Sodium oxybate;
(4) Gamma hydroxybutyrate sodium; or
(5) Ketamine hydrochloride.

Texas:

Sec. 481.102. Penalty Group 1.

Penalty Group 1 consists of:

(1) the following opiates, including their isomers, esters,
ethers, salts, and salts of isomers, esters, and ethers, unless
specifically excepted, if the existence of these isomers,
esters, ethers, and salts is possible within the specific
chemical designation:

...

(9) Gamma hydroxybutyrate, including its salts.

Utah: Nothing Found when checked on April 22, 2000.

Vermont: Nothing Found when checked on April 22, 2000.

Virginia: Nothing Found when checked on April 22, 2000.

Washington: Nothing Found when checked on April 22, 2000.

West Virginia: Nothing Found when checked on April 22, 2000.

Wisconsin:

961.14
961.14 Schedule I. Unless specifically excepted by state or federal law or regulation or more specifically included in
another schedule, the following controlled substances are listed in schedule I:

...

961.14(5)
(5) Depressants. Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of any of the following
substances having a depressant effect on the central nervous system, including any of their salts, isomers and salts of isomers
that are theoretically possible within the specific chemical designation:

961.14(5)(ag)
(ag) Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (commonly known as gamma hydroxybutyrate or "GHB") and gamma-butyrolactone.


Wyoming: Nothing Found when checked on April 22, 2000.