Oxide is not a scheduled substance under federal law.
are the states which currently have laws that prohibit the recreational inhalation of
Nitrous Oxide. There are likely other states with similar laws.
These are for inhalants in general. Not specific to N20
in Adolescent Inhalant Admissions
The number of adolescent admissions to publicly funded substance abuse
treatment facilities increased from 109,000 in 1994 to 131,000 in 1999
(data not shown). During that period, the number and proportion of
adolescent admissions associated with inhalant abuse declined from
4,731 (4 percent) in 1994 to 2,091 (2 percent) in 1999.
original list was published in 'The book of lists' by Wallechinsky et
al. (It also lists famous people using cocaine, hash, morphine, LSD,
mescaline heroine and opium.)
Wedgwood, 1771-1805, English Physicist
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 1772-1834, English Poet
Robert Southey, 1774-1843, English Poet
Humphrey Davy, 1778-1829, English Chemist
Peter Mark Roget, 1779-1889, Author of 'Roget's Thesaurus'
Samuel Colt, 1814-1862, American Inventor of the Colt .45 revolver
William James, 1842-1910, American Philosopher
Theodore Dreiser, 1871-1945, American Writer and Journalist
Winston Churchill, 1874-1965, English Politician (...)
Peter Ouspenski, 1878-1947, Russian disciple of Gudjieff
Allen Grinsberg, 1926-, American Poet
Gregori Corso, 1930-, American Poet
Ken Kesey, 1965-, American Writer
James and N20
1882 he first described his experiments with the drug;
in 1898 he published an article titled "Consciousness Under
Nitrous Oxide" in the
Psychological Review ; in 1902 he recounted the experience in
his greatest work, The Varieties of Religious Experience ; and
in 1910, in the last essay he completed, he implied that nitrous oxide
had had an abiding influence on his thinking.
Nitrous Oxide Philosopher (The Atlantic Monthly May
: links to works and letters of James.
Subjective Effects of Nitrous Oxide by William James.
James reviews "The Anaesthetic Revelation and the Gist of
on Wm. James http://www.emory.edu/EDUCATION/mfp/james.html
Additional References—still need to go through these
CHOCOLATE TO MORPHINE: Andrew Weil & Winifred Rosen. Make sure you
the 1993 edition.
PRIMER OF DRUG ACTION: Robert M. Julien.
(1979) "Recreational" misuse of nitrous oxide,
Am Dent. Soc. 98:410-411
et al.(1978) "Polyneuropathy from inhalation of N2O cartridges
a whipped cream dispenser" Neurology 28:485-487.
Stacey et.al (1992) " Methionine in the treatment of nitrous
neuropathy and myeloneuropathy" Journal of Neurology 239:401-403.
of Internal Medicine, Vol 96, 3,Mar 1982,pp333-334:Home made Nitrous
Oxide: No laughing matter.
M.A. Nitrous oxide abuse in perspective
Neuropharmacol. 1992, 15:297-306
C.S., Lichtor, J.L., Finn, R.S., Uitvlugt, A., Coalson, D.W.,
G., de Wit, H. and Zacny, J.P. Subjective and psychomotor
of nitrous oxide in healthy volunteers Behavioural Pharmacology
Barker, George T.
Instructions in the preparation, administration, and properties
nitrous oxide, protoxide of nitrogen, or laughing gas.
[Philadelphia] Rubencame and Barker, 1870.
RD86.N7 B2 1870 Books
. Barton, William Paul Crillon, 1786-1856.
A dissertation on the chymical properties and exhilerating
nitrous oxide gas; and its application to pneumatick medicine
Philadelphia, Printed for the author, at the Lorenzo Press,
micro film 200 reel 6 no.144 Microform. UCSF Library
micro- film 658 History Media
Bourne, James Gerald.
Nitrous oxide in dentistry : its danger and alternatives / J.
Chicago : Year Book Publishers, 1960.
RK512.N55 B67 1960 Books
Davy, Humphry, Sir, 1778-1829.
Researches, chemical and philosophical; chiefly concerning
or dephlogisticated nitrous air, and its respiration, by
Humphry Davy ...
London, Printed for J. Johnson by Briggs and Cottle, 1800.
WZ 260 D268r 1800 Rare Library has: Library's copy has
duplicate p.541-542 after p.580
Eastwood, Douglas W.
Nitrous oxide. Philadelphia,
F.A. Davis Co. .
Series title: Clinical
WO205 C65 1964 no.1
RD81.A1 C64 v.1 1964 Books
Nitrous oxide/N2O / edited by Edmond I. Eger II.
New York : Elsevier,
QV81 N58 1985
. UCI Biomed
QV 81 N731 1985
. UCLA Biomed
QV 81 N731 1985
. UCSD Biomed
QV 81 N731 1985.
RD86.N7 N58 1985 Books. CSL Main Lib RD86.N7 N58 1985 General Coll
Laughing gas (nitrous oxide); historical and recent essays on
practice of inhaling nitrous oxide. Edited by Michael Shedlin
Wallechinsky, with Saunie Salyer.
[1st ed. n.p.]
And/Or Press .
QV81 S53. UCSB Main Lib
RD86.N7 S53 Sci-Eng
Smith, W. D. A.
Under the influence : a history of nitrous oxide and oxygen
W.D.A. Smith. London
: Scientific and Medical Division, Macmillan, 1982.
WO211.1 S65 1982
. UCI Biomed
WO 211.1 S663u 1982. UCLA Biomed
WO 211.1 S663u 1982 Hist Div
. UCSD Biomed
WO 211.1 S663u 1982. UCSF Library
RD79 .S65 1982 History
Lancet, Vol.2 no.8102, 9 Dec. 1978, pg 1227-1230,
after prolonged exposure to nitrous oxide.
--the B12 deficiency. Doesn't look like a real problem without
heavy use or very low B12 levels.
Lancet, Aug12, 1978, pg339-342, Megaloblastic hemopoiesis in
receiving nitrous oxide.
Anaesthesiology, 1978, Dec67(6) 960-964,
--sorry, haven't got the title, this is about teratogenic
Anaesthesia, 34, 1979, pg147-151,
--nitrous hazardous for patients with ear surgery or ear
Forgot to mention this problem in the previous post. Does not
to be a problem if your ears are healthy.
Seminars in Surgical Oncology, 1990, 6(3), 141-147
--cancer, cause or cure? Havn't read this one (not in the local
Abuse of volatile substances, information paper 2, (Australian)
Department of Health, Drugs of Dependency branch, 1984,
--this is a great reference, a small booklet on N2O, patterns
abuse, obtainability, toxicity and side effects, etc. Probably difficult
get outside of Australia, but worth trying for.
Acta Anae. Scand. 1985 29 pg 635-638,
--study on volunteers looking at acute tolerance, subjective
Review of inhalants: Euphoria to Dysfuntion, Sharp, C.W. and
M. L. (editors), NIDA research monograph no.15, U.S. Government
Office, October 1977
--this contains two articles, Abuse of Inhalation Anaesthetic
by M.B. Chenoweth, and Preclinical Behavioural toxicology of
solvents, by R.E. Bowman, that are probably worthwhile.
American Journal of Forensic Medical Pathology,
1988, Mar 9(1), pg 60-63, Death by nitrous oxide: an
1989, Dec 10(4), pg 330-331,
--another suicide case
Note concerning Nitrous Oxide and Florida,
from 21 TELR 259 (Spring 1999)
Tampa outlawed rave clubs after the
well-publicized death of Kelly Hendershot a 19-year-old who died several days after
falling and hitting her head at StudioRave Club in Tampa. Her friends told authorities
that she had inhaled nitrous oxide inside the club.
that criminalize raves, underscore our cultures antagonism to ecstatic
religion an antagonism that is brought to an extreme level whenever psychoactive
sacraments are part of the picture, as they often are in raves. For many people, raves are
regular readers of TELR know, the editor is of the opinion that the War on (Some)
Drugs is more accurately a war on world views that differ from the monodirectives of
exoteric book-based religion most prominently (and powerfully) Protestantism. The
early leaders of the US, including those who crafted the Free Exercise Clause, and the
judges who interpreted it, were hard-core Protestants. Because precedent plays such a
central role in our jurisprudence, esoteric, nondogmatic religions have often been defined
away, by judges who hold that they are merely personal belief systems
rather than religions. Only the latter are protected by the Free Exercise
tragic death of Kelly Hendershot, which the Tampa authorities and politicians exploited to
criminalize raving (and are now exploiting to outlaw inhalation of nitrous oxide), was the
result of the blackout on information concerning safe use of consciousness changing
substances. Just as we promote the concept and techniques of safe sex, we
ought to be promoting techniques for safely inducing desired changes in ones own
consciousness. A problem with the national just say no drug policy is what
happens when a person decides to say yes.
darkness of a just say no information blackout, those who say yes,
and fail to take the time and effort to search out reliable information, routinely end up
ingesting substances with little understanding of what to expect and without the benefit
of safe-use techniques. Kelly Hendershots death, for example, could have been
prevented had she been taught to remain in a sitting or prone position when using nitrous
political posturing that occurred in the wake of Kelly Hendershots death, and which
occurs everyday with respect to outlawed plants and drugs, is not about reducing deaths,
violence, or injury. Its about the hegemony asserting and re-asserting its
domination. Its about the members of the dominant world-view fearing a loss of
consensus for their model of reality, and their desperate fight to maintain their
perceived self-identity. Its about their fear of other perspectives, and their
frantic need to maintain a simple model of the world and a sense of control.